El Salvador is the capital city of the nation of San Salvador . The valley where it is located was earlier known as "El Valle de las Hamacas" (The Valley of the Hammocks) because of its high seismic activity. San Salvador is the second largest city in Central America . Home to nearly 2.2 million people it is home to one-third of El Salvador 's population and one-half of the country's wealth.
The origins of the city can be traced to before the Spanish Conquest. It is near the present location of San Salvador that the Pipil tribes established their capital, Cuscatlán. Although the city was founded in the 16th century, it was rebuilt and changed locations twice afterwards. Originally founded in what is now the colonial town of Suchitoto, north of the present-day city, it was moved to the Valle de Las Hamacas, which boasted more space and more fertile land, thanks to the pristine Acelhuate River.
CULTURESpanish is the main language in El Salvador. The Roman Catholic religion plays an important role in the Salvadorian culture. Important foreign personalities in El Salvador were the Jesuit priests and professors Ignacio Ellacuria, Ignacio Martín-Baró and Segundo Montes. Painting, ceramics and textile goods are the main manual artistic expressions. Writers Francisco Gavidia (1863–1955), Salarrué (Salvador Salazar Arrué) (1899-1975), Claudia Lars, Alfredo Espino, Pedro Geoffroy, Manlio Argueta, José Roberto Cea and poet Roque Dalton are among the most important artists to stem from El Salvador.
San Salvador has the large urban park, the "Parque de los Pericos". There is another park called Parque Cuscatlan, which is very elegant, with lights, trees and paths. Popular with locals, the beautiful botanical gardens of La Laguna showcase much native fauna. Zoologico Nacional and Parque Saburo Hirao (native plants) are in the SE part of the city by the old Presidential House. Los Planes De Renderos, 1000 meters above sea level, the mountain offers a spectacular view of San Salvador , and is a popular oasis for locals from the hectic city.
San Salvador has several entertainment venues. You can go to restaurants, bars, clubs, casinos, or if you are traveling with kids you can go to the cinemas, bowling, bingo, and arcades.
The trendiest night spot to visit is called Zona Rosa. Some of the best hotels are located there, including the Sheraton Presidente as well as one of the most luxurious hotels in Central America, the Hilton Princess. Although Zona Rosa doesn't cover a large area, it's home to many exclusive, upscale bars and nightclubs, and the best restaurants in town.
Between 1996 and 2006, 7.3 million visitors mainly Central Americans and Europeans along the Pacific Oceans coast line. Most of the North American and European tourists are seeking out El Salvador's fine beaches to relax and for surfing. Among the best recommended beach resorts is the Casa de Mar Hotel & Villas, Hacienda Del Pueblo, Rancho Buena Vista and many more.