Heart Bypass Surgery
Synonyms: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
Heart Bypass Surgery or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is performed to bypass your blocked coronary artery. In Heart Bypass Surgery, new passages are created from parts (grafts) of the blood vessels from other parts of your body. These new passages are used to re-route the blood around the narrowed arteries and provide your heart muscle with nutrients that it needs to function efficiently.
Where can I get Heart Bypass Surgery?
Cost of procedure performed in the US: $80,000 to $100,000.
All prices are in US dollars and include the cost of the procedure and minimum hospital stay. Estimates and minimum hospital stay will vary depending upon individual needs and requirements.
Heart Bypass Surgery can be performed using any of the 2 procedures. The first one is called the traditional Heart Bypass Surgery which involves an incision in the front of your chest through the breastbone or sternum (median sternotomy). Through this incision the surgeon can visualize your heart and the aorta. During the traditional Heart Bypass Surgery your heart is completely stopped and the function of your heart is taken over by heart-lung machine while the surgery is being performed. The heart is stopped with a special mixture of chemicals. After the bypass has been performed you are taken off the machine and your heart regains its function. The grafts for Heart Bypass Surgery are either obtained from saphenous vein, radial artery or internal thoracic artery. The entire procedure of Heart Bypass Surgery takes 3 - 6 hours and is performed under general anesthesia. You will spend 2 - 3 days in the intensive care unit and will be discharged from the hospital after 7 - 10 days following Heart Bypass Surgery. If all goes well complete recovery is possible in 3 - 4 months. However, this may vary under special circumstances. Second approach for Heart Bypass Surgery is called the Beating Heart Bypass Surgery where your surgeon is working on your heart while it is still beating. This approach can either be Minimally Invasive (small incision) or it can be performed through the conventional median sternotomy approach.
If you have disease of one or all three major coronary arteries or malfunctioning of left ventricle or if you are experiencing severe chest pains due to angina which is not responding to medications, then you are an ideal candidate for Heart Bypass Surgery.
The long term success rate of Heart Bypass Surgery are excellent. Your chest pains are resolved and your energy level rises significantly. To obtain the best possible results after Heart Bypass Surgery, it is important that you stop smoking, reduce your cholesterol levels, maintain a healthy weight, exercise regularly, manage diabetes and control your blood pressure. Heart Bypass Surgery does not prevent recurrence of blockage therefore, it is very important for you to make these lifestyle changes.
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Keywords: Open Heart Surgery, Beating Heart Surgery, Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Heart-lung Bypass, Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD), Valvular Heart Disease, Artificial Heart Valves, Arrhythmia, Stroke, Congestive Heart Failure, Heart Attack, Kidney Failure