Your Questions Answered on Beating Heart Surgery
Beating Heart Surgery
Synonyms: Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery, Keyhole Heart Surgery, Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass (MIDCAB), Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass (OPCAB), Robot Assisted Coronary Artery Bypass (RACAB)
Beating Heart Surgery is a novel and revolutionary procedure which is performed while your heart is still beating. Beating Heart Surgery is different from traditional Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting as the heart-lung bypass machine is not used by your surgeon. Beating Heart Surgery does use the Open Heart Surgery approach as an incision is made to cut through the sternum. The most significant advantage of Beating Heart Surgery is that it reduces the risks and post-operative complications that are associated with temporarily stopping the heart during Open Heart Surgery.
If you are an older individual who is at risk for a heart attack or arrhythmias, if you have increased risk of or history of stroke, lung complications, kidney complications, problems with mental clarity and memory, if you have medical conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, if you have poor physical health, if you need Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Heart Valve Replacement or surgery for Congenital Heart Disease like Atrial Septal Defect, Ventricular Septal Defect, Valvuloplasty, then you are an ideal candidate for Beating Heart Surgery.
Beating Heart Surgery is done under general anesthesia. Depending on the approach, either Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass (MIDCAB), Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass (OPCAB) or Robotic Assisted Coronary Artery Bypass (RACAB), the surgery may take approximately 3 - 5 hours. Beating Heart Surgery is performed without the heart-lung bypass machine. However, surgeons may use the machine to boost circulation under certain circumstances. During Beating Heart Surgery, a mechanical stabilizer is attached to the heart to slow it down. With the Beating Heart Surgery, bypass can be constructed for any number of blocked coronary arteries of the heart.
Before your Beating Heart Surgery, you will have a complete and through evaluation by your physician, cardiac surgeon and anesthesiologist. All the routine pre-operative tests like blood and urine examination, Electrocardiogram, Echocardiogram, Cardiac Catheterization, and Coronary Angiogram will be performed. Please make sure to inform your doctor about all the prescription and non-prescription medications including vitamin, mineral and herbal supplements that you might be taking. You will be instructed to eat a balanced diet, do some exercises to clear your lungs and quit smoking completely before the Beating Heart Surgery. Also, plan on staying in the hospital for 5 days or so and arrange for someone to help you around the house for the next couple of weeks after Beating Heart Surgery. Do not eat or drink anything for at least 12 hours before the surgery and get a good night's sleep. You will be instructed to shower both on the evening before as well as the morning of surgery with a special antibacterial soap to prevent infection during and following Beating Heart Surgery.
The initial few days following the Beating Heart Surgery can be crucial. There will be pain and discomfort which can be relieved by pain medication. Some of the common unpleasant experiences after Beating Heart Surgery will be forgetfulness, mood swings, lack of energy, tiring easily, lack of appetite possibly even nausea or constipation, difficulty sleeping through the night or perhaps nightmares or vision changes. Your doctor will provide you with a list of specific instructions to follow for the first three weeks at home, after your Beating Heart Surgery to help you return to a normal pace of life. Some of the post-operative Beating Heart Surgery guidelines will include:
Patients undergoing Beating Heart Surgery typically recover quickly and experience less pain and disconfort. Beating Heart Surgery is technically demanding and requires a team of healthcare professionals with specialized skills and training. Since the size of the incision is much smaller than the traditional CABG operation, there are less chances of bleeding, infection of the incision and post-operative pain following Beating Heart Surgery.
B . R . A . N . D . of Beating Heart Surgery
Keywords: Minimally Invasive Surgery, Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Heart-lung Bypass, Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD), Valvular Heart Disease, Artificial Heart Valves, Arrhythmia, Stroke, Congestive Heart Failure, Heart Attack, Kidney Failure