A dental extraction is the surgical removal of a tooth from the mouth. Simple extractions may be done by a dentist or oral surgeon, and are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth, usually under local anesthetic. Typically the tooth is dislocated using an elevator, and subsequently using forceps, rocks the tooth back and forth until it is loosened from the alveolar bone. Surgical extractions involve the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed, either because it has broken under the gum line or because it has not come in yet. In a surgical extraction the dentist makes an incision in the gum to reach the tooth and may also require the removal of overlying bone tissue with a drill or osteotome. After the tooth is removed, a clot will usually form in the socket.
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