Synonyms: Minimally Invasive Cholecystectomy, Keyhole Cholecystectomy, Gall Bladder Surgery
Cholecystectomy is surgical removal of gall bladder. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy also known as 'keyhole Cholecystectomy' is a surgical procedure to remove the gall bladder with the help of a Laparoscope. A Laparoscope is a telescope like thin tube that is inserted through a small incision to visualize the interior of the abdominal cavity. This instrument is illuminated and has a video camera attached to it on one end. The images of the interior of the abdominal cavity can be visualized with the help of a video camera and projected on to a TV monitor.
Where can I get Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?
Cost of procedure performed in the US: $11,000.
All prices are in US dollars and include the cost of the procedure and minimum hospital stay. Estimates and minimum hospital stay will vary depending upon individual needs and requirements.
Cholecystectomy can be performed for several different reasons; if you have cancer of gall bladder, or inflammation of your gall bladder (cholecystitis) or cholangitis (inflammation of the bile duct), or stones in your gall bladder that obstructs the flow of bile, then there is a definitive indication for Cholecystectomy.
A thorough pre-operative assessment by your physician would comprise of physical examination, blood tests, x-ray chest, urinalysis for the presence of blood and white cells and urine culture for the presence of infection. Inform your surgeon about other health conditions and medications (including all the prescription, non-prescription medications, nutritional supplements i.e. vitamins, minerals and herbal products). Refrain from taking aspirin or Ibuprofen at least 2 weeks before Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. Stop smoking a few weeks before Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy to prevent healing problems during recovery period. Do not eat or drink any thing for at least 10 - 12 hours before the Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy can be performed under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia with sedation. Three small incisions (half an inch) will be made in the abdominal area. A thin tube carrying a video camera will be inserted through one of the incisions. With the help of the video camera, the interior of the abdominal cavity will be visualized and the images will be projected on the TV monitor. Through the second incision two needle like instruments will be inserted which will serve as tiny robotic hands to perform the procedure. The third incision is used to insert the instrument that would clip the gallbladder artery and bile duct, remove the gallbladder and stones. Once the gall bladder is freed from it's connections, it will be gently eased out through the navel incision. The incisions will be stapled (if needed). The entire procedure of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy can take about one hour to complete.
You will spend the next few hours following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, in the recovery room to monitor your vital signs and observe for immediate post-operative complications. You will be hospitalized for 24 - 48 hours following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. Pain medication and antibiotics will be given post-operatively. Avoid performing strenuous activities like lifting something heavy, jogging, treadmill or playing sports for at least 2 weeks after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. You will be instructed to move around, avoid getting constipated, do some simple breathing exercises to help prevent respiratory infections. You will be able to perform all your routine daily activities in about 2 weeks time after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.
The success rate of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is about 90%. In 5 - 10% of patients the gall bladder cannot be removed by Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy and an Open Cholecystectomy procedure has to be performed. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy has a lower rate of complications, a shorter hospital stay, and better cosmetic results than the Open Cholecystectomy.
B . R . A . N . D . of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Your Questions Answered on Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Keywords: Cholecystitis, Gallbladder Stones (Gallstones), Gall bladder Cancer, Laparoscope, Minimally Invasive Surgery, Laparoscopic Surgery