Synonyms: Balloon Angioplasty, Heart Revascularization Procedure, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA)
Coronary Angioplasty or Balloon Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure in which the blocked or narrowed coronary arteries are opened (widened) to facilitate perfusion of the heart muscle. Coronary Angioplasty reduces the need for medication and to some extent eliminates chest pain due to Ischemic Heart Disease.
Where can I get Coronary Angioplasty?
Cost of procedure performed in the US: $35,000.
All prices are in US dollars and include the cost of the procedure and minimum hospital stay. Estimates and minimum hospital stay will vary depending upon individual needs and requirements.
The procedure for Coronary Angioplasty usually comprises of three steps: Step one of Coronary Angioplasty, also known as artherectomy involves removal of blockage (plaque) from your coronary artery either by laser or with specialized instruments to cut the plaque away and clear the arterial channel. The second step of Coronary Angioplasty makes use of a balloon (thus the alternative term Balloon Angioplasty). In this step, an un-inflated balloon is inserted with the help of a guide wire to the site of blockage. The balloon is then inflated, which enlarges the blood channel and increases blood flow through the artery. It is interesting to note that Coronary Angioplasty can reduce a 70 - 90% blockage to about 20 - 30%. Step three of Coronary Angioplasty consists of implanting a mesh stent which is tightly mounted on the Coronary Angioplasty balloon into the walls of blocked artery. The balloon is then deflated and removed leaving the stent in place permanently to hold the artery open. In this procedure of Coronary Angioplasty, the coronary arteries are accessed through a puncture made in the groin (femoral artery) or arm (brachial artery). Usually the femoral artery is used. Depending upon the extent of coronary artery narrowing, all three steps may or may not be carried out. The procedure of Coronary Angioplasty can take 30 minutes to several hours depending on the number of blockages being treated.
If one or more of your coronary arteries are blocked, if your chest pain due to angina is not well controlled with medications, if the pain is is severe enough to disrupt your daily activities and also occurs at rest, then you are an ideal candidate for Coronary Angioplasty.
If you have severe narrowing of your left coronary artery in isolation or accompanied by a weak pumping of the heart, if you have a severely narrowed left anterior descending artery and one other coronary artery, plus diabetes or /and weak pumping of the heart, then Coronary Angioplasty is not for you.
The outcome of Coronary Angioplasty procedure which is preceded by artherectomy and followed by implantation of intra-arterial stents has a 90% success rate. However, 30 - 40% of patients who have had successful Coronary Angioplasty can develop re-stenosis of their coronary artery. Therefore, it is extremely vital for you to make some positive lifestyle changes like daily exercise, maintain a healthy weight, eat a healthy diet, lower you blood cholesterol level, control your other health conditions like high blood pressure or diabetes and quit smoking following the Coronary Angioplasty to prevent the narrowing of the coronary artery to recur.
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Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, Arrhythmia, Stroke, Kidney Failure, Lung Collapse, Coronary Arteries, Heart Attack, Ischemic Heart Disease, Diabetes, Hypertension, Atherosclerotic Plaque, Chest Pain, Angina, Atherosclerosis, Cholesterol, Hardened and Blocked Arteries, Healthy Lifestyle