Synonyms: Coronary Stents, Heart Revascularization Procedure, Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (PCI)
Coronary Stenting is a procedure in which a metal mesh or tube (stent) is placed to help keep your coronary artery open. Coronary Stenting is usually performed as part of Coronary Angioplasty procedure. In the procedure for Drug Eluting Coronary Stenting the stent is coated with a medication that prevents re-stenosis of the coronary artery. This type of stent consistently releases a chemical substance that prevents clot formation and narrowing of coronary artery. Drug Eluting Coronary Stenting has been 20 - 30% more successful than bare metal stenting.
Where can I get a Coronary Stenting?
Cost of procedure performed in the US: $34,847.
All prices are in US dollars and include the cost of the procedure and minimum hospital stay. Estimates and minimum hospital stay will vary depending upon individual needs and requirements.
Coronary Stenting is performed to hold your coronary artery open to facilitate flow of blood to the heart muscle and reduce your chest pain due to angina. The coronary stents physically hold your artery open and create a channel for your blood to flow through it easily.
Coronary Stenting is usually performed as part of the Coronary Angioplasty procedure. So if you are an ideal candidate for Coronary Angioplasty i.e. if one or more of your coronary arteries are blocked, if your chest pain due to angina is not well controlled with medications or if it is severe enough to disrupt your daily activities and also occurs at rest, then you are an ideal candidate for Coronary Stenting.
Coronary Stenting usually follows Coronary Angioplasty.The area in your groin will be numbed using a local anesthetic. The catheter containing a fibreoptic camera is threaded in to your coronary artery where the balloon is inflated to push away the plaque and enlarge the arterial channel. An expandable metal mesh tube called the coronary stent is implanted at the site of narrowing. The stent pushes open the wall of the coronary artery. The stent can either be made of inert bare metal or it can be coated with a medication that prevents the surrounding blood from clotting and thus minimizes the chances of re-stenosis of the coronary artery. Coronary Stenting may sometime be used as a primary procedure to open the narrowed artery instead of Coronary Angioplasty. The balloon in the stent is inflated to expand the stent; it is then deflated and removed along with the catheter and wire. A bandage is placed over the groin area. Coronary Stenting helps to prevent re-stenosis of coronary artery; it also reduces the incidences of chest pain due to angina. This procedure takes any where from 30 minutes to 3 hours. Your hospital stay for Coronary Stenting varies from 1 - 3 days.
Coronary Stenting is performed as an outpatient procedure. You would be instructed to avoid eating or drinking at least 6 - 8 hours before the procedure. Your doctor may prescribe you aspirin several days prior to Coronary Stenting procedure to prevent blood clots from forming.
After the Coronary Stenting procedure, blood thinning medications will be administered through your vein. You will need to lie flat on your back and preferably avoid moving your leg during the recuperating period following Coronary Stenting. Pressure will be applied by placing a sandbag at the site in the groin where the catheter was passed. You can apply ice at the site in the groin where the catheter was passed for the first two days following the Coronary Stenting surgery. To reduce the risk of re-stenosis following the Coronary Stenting procedure, it is worthwhile to make positive lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, regular exercise and managing stress.
Coronary Stenting has a success rate of almost 95% with the chances of re-stenosis occurring in 5% of the patients. This procedure is less painful and allows you to go back to your daily activities quickly. This means that you will not have chest pain any more and that your tolerance to exercise will increase. Drug Eluting Coronary Stents have potentially improved the clinical outcome of Coronary Stenting.
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Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, Arrhythmia, Stroke, Kidney Failure, Lung Collapse, Coronary Arteries, Heart Attack, Ischemic Heart Disease, Diabetes, Hypertension, Atherosclerotic Plaque, Chest Pain, Angina, Atherosclerosis, Cholesterol, Hardened and Blocked Arteries, Healthy Lifestyle