The following vaccines may be recommended for your travel to Mexico. Discuss your travel plans and personal health with a health-care provider to determine which vaccines you will need. For updated information please refer to the following websites:
US Centre for Disease Control & Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/travel/index.htm
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
- Hepatitis A or immune globulin (IG): Transmission of hepatitis A virus can occur through direct person-to-person contact; through exposure to contaminated water, ice, or shellfish harvested in contaminated water; or from fruits, vegetables, or other foods that are eaten uncooked and that were contaminated during harvesting or subsequent handling.
- Hepatitis B: Especially if you might be exposed to blood or body fluids especially through medical treatment. Hepatitis B vaccine is now recommended for all infants and children ages 11–12 years who did not receive the series as infants.
- Malaria: Your risk of malaria may be high in these countries, including cities. Chloroquine is NOT an effective antimalarial drug in the Indian Subcontinent and should not be taken to prevent malaria in this region. Prevent this serious disease by seeing your health care provider for a prescription antimalarial drug and by protecting yourself against mosquito bites.
- Drink only bottled or boiled water, or carbonated (bubbly) drinks in cans or bottles. Avoid tap water, fountain drinks, and ice cubes.
- Do not eat food purchased from street vendors or food that is not well cooked to reduce risk of infection like hepatitis A.
- Do not drink beverages with ice.
- Avoid dairy products, unless you know they have been pasteurized.
- Take your malaria prevention medication before, during, and after travel, as directed.
- Protect yourself from mosquito insect bites:
- Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and hats especially when outdoors.
- Use insect repellents that contain DEET (N, N-diethylmethyltoluamide).
- If no screening or air conditioning is available: use a pyrethroid-containing spray in living and sleeping areas during evening and night-time hours; sleep under bed nets, preferably insecticide-treated ones.